Jovanka Marville, fortepiano and Mara Galassi, harp

A golden age of the harp occurred in France in the second half of the eighteenth century, spurred by Queen Marie-Antoinette’s passion for the instrument. Numerous pieces for two harps or for harp and harpsichord were published.

The musical languages of the two instruments have many common points. Jean Baur was the first composer to truly differentiate between the harp and the keyboard in the same score. His work calls for numerous arpeggios in the harp part, and for more scales and ornaments in the harpsichord part.

Another famous harpist, Philippe-Joseph Hinner, Marie-Antoinette’s teacher, composed and played numerous duos with his illustrious student.

Jean-Baptiste Krumpholz, the best-known harp virtuoso of his time, wrote duos for two harps as well as fashionable sonatas for solo harp. The greatest pianists often arranged the latter for harp and keyboard.

The harps used for this repertoire have pedals and a single action mechanism. Key changes are made with a crotchet system on the earliest harps, and with a forked disk mechanism on Erard harps.

 

 

Jean Baur

1719-1773

Sonata for harp and fortepiano in B-flat major

Allegro, Menuet, Allegro

 

Joseph Haydn

1732-1809

Adagio in F major (fortepiano)

 

Jean-Baptiste Cardon

1760-1803

Variations on « Vous l’ordonnez – ou Je suis Lindor» (harp)

 

Philippe Joseph Hinner

1755-1784

Sonata for harp and fortepiano in E-flat major

Allegro, Rondo Allegretto

 

———————–

 

Jean-Baptiste Krumpholz

1742-1790

Sonata for harp and fortepiano in C major

Allegretto, Andante, Scherzo 

 

Domenico Scarlatti

1685-1757

Sonatas K 77 Moderato e Cantabile and K 85 Allegro (harp)

 

Joseph Haydn

1732-1809

Adagio and Allegretto in G major (fortepiano)

 

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

1756-1791

« Mozart’s admired overture to Zauberflote, newly arranged as a duet for Harp and Piano Forte »  Published by L. Lee 17, Old Bond Street